Work design is all about how we can create better work environments and jobs that lead to improved employee satisfaction and organizational effectiveness. It is an interdisciplinary field that draws on ideas from psychology, sociology, and engineering.

The goal of work design is to understand how jobs can be designed to make them more satisfying and to identify how work can be structured to improve employee productivity.

There are a number of different approaches to work design, but one of the most popular is the job characteristics model. This model was developed by J. Richard Hackman and Greg Oldham in the 1970s and it identifies five core job dimensions that affect worker satisfaction and motivation:

-Task identity: The extent to which a job provides opportunities for workers to see the results of their efforts. -Task significance: The extent to which a job has a positive impact on the lives of others. -Autonomy: The extent to which a job provides workers with opportunities for independence and control over their work. -Feedback: The extent to which a job provides workers with information about their performance. -Work context: The physical and social environment in which work takes place.

The job characteristics model has been found to be a powerful predictor of employee satisfaction, motivation, and performance. It is also one of the most widely studied models of work design.